This condition is characterized by a significant loss of weight caused by the patient and by a misperception of one's body. Accordingly, endocrine problems are evident in a relatively short space of time. The main anorexia symptoms determining the onset of the disease are:
- Refusal to maintain body weight above the minimum appropriate for the age and size of the patient.
- Fear of weight gain or obesity even if the weight is lower than recommended.
- Distorted perception of body weight and proportions.
- Absence of three consecutive menstrual cycles in women ( amenorrhea ). Anorexics may experience a range of very different symptoms: constipation , amenorrhea , abdominal pain, vomiting, etc..
But it is the family that detects the anorexia symptoms sound the alarm:
- Concern excessive caloric composition of food and food preparation
- Constant feeling cold
- Phasing out food
- Obsession with image, the scale, and sport studies
- Using traps to prevent food
These anorexia symptoms can be augmented other typical features such as irritability, depression and mood disorders or personality. Also manifests an alteration of satiety and fullness before meals, nausea, bloating, or even absence of sensations. In this condition there are also numerous cognitive disorders that focus on food, body weight and physical appearance:
- Abstractions selective
- Selective use of the information.
- It magnifies the negative side of any situation.
- Dichotomous thinking.
- Self-referential ideas.
- Arbitrary Inference
Regarding the clinical consequences, the anorexia symptoms are:
- The pulse rate is reduced.
- They produce arrhythmia that can lead to cardiac arrest.
- Lower blood pressure .
- Disappears in women menstruation ( amenorrhea ).
- Bone mass decreases, and in the very early cases, slows the growth rate.
- Decreased intestinal motility.
- Appears fine hair and long, called woolly, back, forearms, thighs, neck and cheeks.
- Constipation chronic.
- The decreased energy expenditure produces a constant feeling of cold.
- The skin becomes dehydrated, dried and cracked.
- Yellowing of the palms of hands and soles of the feet by the accumulation of carotene in the sebaceous glands.
- Nails break.
- Hair loss.
- Teeth problems and peripheral edema. Bloating and abdominal pain.