People suffering from bulimic symptoms have a tendency to react to stressful situations, nervously consuming large amounts of food. The triggering factor may be a variety of negative emotions, such as a failure, a failure in anything, failure, rejection by society, loneliness, anger, or vice versa, positive, for example, a promotion, a celebration of something or the prospect of a new relationship with the opposite sex. To ease their anxiety, suffering from bulimia start there indefinitely, swallow food without chewing, as quickly as possible. To avoid obesity , and feeling shame for his behaviour at the end of "revelry", they resorted to a particular method of cleansing the stomach, causing artificially at vomiting or taking laxatives and diuretics. Others use excessive exercise or intermittent fasting.
People suffering from bulimic symptoms, to identify more complex than patients with anorexia or overeating, because they often maintain a normal weight and do not differ from healthy people.
Moreover, in contrast to anorexics who control every step, these patients are not subject to any control: they tend to use drugs and alcohol as well too, as they are too consumed food. Sometimes they show other stereotypical behaviour such as obsessive pursuit of petty shoplifting. Among patients with bulimia increased risk of suicide.
The causes of bulimia
- stress ;
- low self-esteem;
- an imbalance of chemicals and hormones in the brain;
Symptoms of Bulimia
- The destruction of enamel and gum problems caused by repeated exposure to gastric acid vomiting;
- dehydration ;
- scratches on one or more fingers, which the patient puts in the throat when attempting to induce vomiting,
- inflammation of the esophagus, and parotid gland due to frequent vomiting;
- unbalance electrolytes (salts and minerals) which may account for convulsions and muscle twitching,
- various intestinal disorders (due to excessive use of laxatives)
- symptoms of liver dysfunction and kidney
- internal bleeding in some cases;
- irregular menstrual cycle;
- heart disease, caused by metabolic changes in pathological eating behavior.
What you can do
If you find yourself or have someone close to bulimic symptoms should see a doctor. As already mentioned, the patient absolutely can not control themselves, and, consequently, the disease may become quite severe.
What can a doctor
The doctor will do an exam and study the history of the disease. He may ask about eating habits and exercise patient. After all, patients with bulimic symptoms engage in sports and dieting constantly, without losing the weight, but if losing weight and then gain weight quickly again.
By identifying the signs of bulimia, the doctor will decide how much in this particular situation, the patient needs to be hospitalized. In most cases of bulimia hospitalization is not required.
patient will be recommended diet therapy, give advice on lifestyle changes. Maybe the doctor will prescribe anti-depressants.
Many patients benefit group therapy. Patients with bulimia have a sense of shame for insatiable consumption of food and, therefore, feel it is easier to find that they are not alone in their behavior.
Some doctors use hypnosis in the treatment of a patient or teach techniques of self-hypnosis, which helps to control the desire to eat food without limit.
It is important that family members of patients also received advice from a physician. They should be able to control the situation, monitor the behaviour of the patient. Otherwise, the problem will only get worse, and the treatment will do no good.